Do you know why many people from the Middle East are leaving their homes? Read these 7 facts about the current refugee crisis to learn more.
Definition of a Refugee: “The 1951 Refugee Convention spells out that a refugee is someone who "owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to, or owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country." (The UN Refugee Agency)
In the summer of 2015 Europe experienced the highest influx of refugees since World War II.
Today, Syria is the world’s top source of refugees. For 30 years until 2011, most refugees came from Afghanistan.
In 2011 the Arab Spring caused many authoritarian governments to fall. The Al-Assad family (who has been ruling Syria since the 1960’s) refused to step down. This refusal started a brutal civil war. Several different groups got in the fight, including ISIS, with the hope of building a totalitarian Islamic caliphate. The Syrian population was trapped between the religious extremist, the rebel groups, and the Al-Assad regime.
During this civil war, more than 220,000 have been killed, 1/3 of the Syrian people have been displaced within Syria and 4 million have fled the country.
95% of the Syrian refugees live in 5 neighboring countries.
Jordan’s population is now 25% refugees. In Turkey, refugees are not removed from the country, but they are not allowed to work. So, even if someone has good education and skills (as most of the Syrian refugees do) they cannot work.