3 Things to Know About Feminism

In this Encounter, Dr. Caresse John, Associate Professor of English at Belmont University, discusses what she wants everyone to know and understand about Feminism.

Contributed by Caresse John

I am a college professor of English, a teacher of stories, and I find myself standing in front of young men and women who – like me – have grown up with feminism as part of their cultural milieu. Jennifer Baumgartner and Amy Richards, in their wonderful book Manifesta: Young Women, Feminism, and the Future, put it this way: “for anyone born after the early 1960s, the presence of feminism in our lives is taken for granted. For our generation, feminism is like fluoride. We scarcely notice that we have it – it’s simply in the water” (17). If anything is generally true about young men and women today, at least the many with whom I’ve interacted, it is that they have some basic knowledge of feminism (though it often has come from social media – and a lot of that information is misleading, or just plain wrong) and that they do not need to be convinced that men and women deserve equal rights and opportunities (though they do not know how to go about helping effect that social change, and sometimes they do need to be convinced that men and women do not, in fact, have equal rights and opportunities yet).

So, I spend a lot of my time as a feminist teaching people about feminism. And if I had to pick my top three most important points, the things I would want the whole world to know, here is what I would share:

1) Feminism is, above all, about compassion.

The OED defines compassion as “the feeling or emotion, when a person is moved by the suffering or distress of another, and by the desire to relieve it.” Compassion is an emotion that must be taught or learned. It is not inherent. Instead, it comes out of something shared, or an attempt to share something that is foreign. Feminism exists because, historically, women have faced and felt oppression simply because of the fact that they were women. And like any painful experience, once one has experienced an injustice, he or she not only wants to survive and overcome that injustice, but also one is more prone to sympathize and empathize with others’ pain. Feminism is a social movement that asks each of us to very seriously consider and listen to the personal stories of women who have experienced oppression in a variety of ways. Feminism cultivates compassion, and it is sustained as a movement only when compassionate people enact it.

2) Feminism is still necessary

Because feminism is “simply in the water,” it’s hard sometimes to believe it’s still necessary. I can’t tell you how many times I’ve had young women tell me “everything’s fine. I can get a job or choose to be a stay-at-home mom” or young men tell me “my mom raised me and worked outside of the home. Women have equal rights and opportunities.” In her important article, “Feminists or ‘Postfeminists’? Young Women’s Attitudes Toward Feminism and Gender Relations,” Pamela Aronson notes that before people associate with feminism, they have to become gender conscious. In other words, young men and women today need to become conscious of gender oppression before they recognize that, indeed, feminism is still a necessary movement. My students and I spend a lot of time talking about when and how they became gender conscious, and the stories that they have to tell would break your heart – stories of bullying, catcalling, sexual violence, abuse, and the list goes on. But every single story I hear reminds me that women and men are not equal, not in our society and certainly not around the world, and feminism – a movement that seeks to achieve this goal for all individuals – is still necessary.

3) Feminism is, and always has been, about the personal and the political, about the self and society, about individual consciousness and social norms.

One of the worst misrepresentations I’ve recently seen regarding feminism is that feminism is about women being victims. In fact, anyone who has studied feminism knows that it is about the exact opposite: empowering women. It has always been about creating a culture that allows for and encourages women to gain their own personal sovereignty. It is a movement that seeks to make changes at the level of the person (helping women view themselves as worthy and valued and strong and beautiful) but also at the level of society (putting into practice laws and norms and systems that protect women’s sovereignty). Feminism does not seek to put women over men, to reverse gender oppression. Every single time I teach feminism, my students come to me with conflicting information about what the movement is, telling me that they believe men and women deserve equal rights but they’re not sure about this ‘feminist movement.’ And every single time they start to study the history of the movement and hear the stories of women who faced and continue to face oppression, they identify themselves as feminist and they start to plug into some social aspect, each one doing his or her part to help change minds and society.


In 2014, Emma Watson addressed the United Nations and her topic was feminism. If you’ve not heard her speech, stop reading this right now, and go watch it (and then come back and finish this article). In her speech, Watson calls the people in her life inadvertent feminists. When I first heard that, I bristled a little. But there is something to what she’s saying…as a feminist, I want feminism to be as organic in other people's lives as it is in mine. Being feminist, identifying as one, acting as one, speaking as one – all of this comes as easy to me as breathing. And when I look around, I see that is true for more people than for the men and women who came before us. However (and here’s my big caveat), the only time feminism should be inadvertent is when it is no longer needed. There are many, many, many, many women who need more than inadvertent feminism. Inadvertent means unintentional…sexual oppression is still too pervasive for us to be satisfied with inadvertent feminism. And it is certainly too pervasive for us to be misinformed about feminism. Instead of believing everything you read (even this article), be intentional about learning what feminism really is and then be compassionate as you do your part to create a world in which people are not limited, in any arena, by their gender.

Check out a longer version of Dr. John's article here.

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Reflecting on Feminism

Use the questions below to reflect on the Encounter, "3 Things to Know About Feminism." Discuss them in a group or reflect on them individually.

Extra wide feminism

Take what you learned from Caresse John’s "3 Things to Know About Feminism" and spend more time reflecting on the ideas she presents. Use these questions for your own reflection or bring them to a group conversation. Learn, Reflect, Grow.

  • What do you think of when you hear the word feminism? Why do you have that association?
  • How did reading this Encounter change the way you understand the feminist movement?
  • Caresse John asserts, “Feminism is a social movement that asks each of us to very seriously consider and listen to the personal stories of women who have experienced oppression in a variety of ways.” What are ways you can listen to stories of women (and others) who experience oppression? What do you think this listening produces?
  • Although feminism is “in the water,” Dr. John suggests that many people still need to be educated about the movement. How can you participate in educating others about feminism?
  • Why do you think feminism is important?

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Take Action

Resources for Learning More About Feminism

Check out these videos, articles, and books curated by Dr. Caresse John to learn more about the history of feminism and what the movement looks like now.

Visit These Websites

http://feminist.com/Feminist.com is an online community and nonprofit organization fostering awareness, education and activism.

http://feministing.com/An online community run by and for young feminists. For over a decade, we’ve been offering sharp, uncompromising feminist analysis of everything from pop culture to politics and inspiring young people to make real-world feminist change, online and off.

https://nashvillefeministcollective.com/A grassroots collective of people committed to building understanding, community, and power around issues of gender, identity, and experience. (Look for local organizations in your communities.)

Read This Article

Jane Fonda’s “My Convoluted Journey to Feminism”

Watch These TED Talks

Courtney E. Martin: This isn't her mother's feminism

Tavi Gevinson: A teen just trying to figure it out

Laura Boushnak: For these women, reading is a daring act

Roxane Gay: Confessions of a bad feminist

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie: We should all be feminists

Better Yet, Read These Books:

Roxane Gay’s Bad Feminist

Rory Dicker’s A History of U.S. Feminisms

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